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The design of Caernarfon Castle echoed the walls of Emperor Constantine's Roman city of Constantinople, which also has polygonal towers and banded stonework, and was thus intended by Edward to be an expression of imperial power.
Edward I and Queen Eleanor visited Caernarfon in 1284 and it was said that their son, Edward, the first English prince of Wales, was born at the castle in 1284.
The castle was damaged during an uprising in 1294 led by Madog ap Llewelyn, but Edward I swiftly regained control of Caernarfon and the castle, where restoration work began in 1295.
The uprising had demonstrated the need to complete the castle's defences on the town side, which were largely built in the period 1295-1301.
This is a play on the visionary 'Dream of Mascen Wledig', a poem celebrating Wales' legendary imperial past.
The castle was in decay by the sixteenth century and was abandoned following the Civil War.
In addition to the wall-walk, the walls also contain two levels of wall passages with, at the north east end, an arrangement of triple arrowslits.
From the nineteenth century the castle was extensively restored and the walls and towers renewed.Work continued immediately afterwards and the castle, although never entirely finished, was completed in 1327.Although Edward II was born at Caernarfon, and it remained the official capital of north Wales, it was never used as a base for a ruling Prince of Wales and its political importance diminished.Edward I employed James of St George as his architect, who had previously been employed by Philip of Savoy and had designed for him the fortress-palace of St Georges d'Esperanche.James also directed the building other castles for Edward I, including Harlech, Conwy and Beaumaris, using English craftsmen and labourers.